Rare Pirate Radio Anthem Discs Discovered

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Do you remember a song called: Who Do You Think You Are Kidding Mr Wilson?

How good is your memory?

Well, here’s a hint… we need to go back more than 40 years…

Back in 1970 there was no Internet, no music streaming, no music downloads and if you were living in Britain and wanted music on the radio there was only 1 station: BBC Radio One. And because of union restrictions known as “needle time” even monopoly Radio One didn’t play music all the time. OK, there was also evenings-only 208 Radio Luxembourg if you were happy to put up with music fading in and out.

And millions of British people at the time were very, very hungry for more music as they had already proven after the huge success of the offshore radio stations like 266 Radio London, 259 Radio Caroline, Radio 390 and several others, all of which the then Labour government had decided to outlaw 3 years earlier in 1967.

Mr Harold Wilson’s Labour government was dogmatically opposed to any form of commercial radio but was in for a surprise when a new radio ship called Radio Northsea International (RNI) appeared in international waters off the coast of Clacton, Essex in March 1970.

His government’s reaction was to start jamming RNI’s programmes in April 1970 in an unprecedented attempt to prevent British listeners hearing its output. RNI responded with pro-Conservative political messages for the general election on 18 June 1970.

Some weeks earlier, RNI’s programme director, Larry Tremaine, had had the bright idea of recording an alternative version of the signature tune to the popular BBC-TV comedy series “Dad’s Army” as a sort of campaign song.

The lyrics were changed, the title became: “Who Do You Think You’re Kidding Mr. Wilson?” and the song was recorded at IBC recording studios at Portland Place, London — a lucky coincidence for UK commercial radio because IBC had been the company, owned by the legendary Leonard Plugge, which organised the very popular English language commercial radio programmes from Radio Normandy way back in the 1930’s.

Here is Larry Tremaine explaining to Paul Rowley on the BBC programme “The Radio Election” how “Who Do You Think You’re Kidding Mr Wilson” came to be created:

 
RNI changed its name to “Radio Caroline International” during the week of the June 1970 election and repeatedly played “Who Do You Think You’re Kidding Mr. Wilson?” which was very popular. But it was never actually issued to the public as a vinyl record.

So exactly how many acetates of the recording were made?

RNI’s programme director, Larry Tremaine has said that “major rock stars” were in the studio during the recording and he also says that only three (3) acetate record pressings of the song were made and he has one of them.

The other two copies were sent to the m/v Mebo II for playing over the air during the election campaign and one of those copies was kept by RNI DJ Alan West, who, some months later, offered it for sale.

In about 1971 Alan West attended several CIB committee meetings, at one of which he lent his acetate copy to CIB’s John Ker, who now takes up the story:
“… I met DJ Alan West who would often come to CIB meetings. In about early 1971 he lent me his copy of the acetate which I took to Graham Bunce (BBC engineer) and he transcribed the disc to tape. He took a great deal of care to ensure a really good quality transfer to tape (15 ips. filtered and re-equalized using an “Astronic” graphic equalizer). Having returned the original acetate to Alan West, I took the tape to IBC Studios (in the basement of 35, Portland Place – just opposite Broadcasting House) and had five (5) acetates cut. I was very pleased by the fact that they were recorded onto exactly the same acetate blanks as the original at IBC, i.e. near perfect clones. The only differences were that the group “The Opposition” was typed on these blanks whereas on the original “The Opposition” was hand-written and included mention of “Beacon Records”.”

According to DJ Alan West, Beacon Records was, at the time, R.N.I.’s “secret London address”.

Of those 5 acetate pressings, John Ker says he kept one for himself, he gave one to Graham Bunce and two to CIB’s Fred Bunzl. John Ker cannot now remember who had the fifth pressing!

Fred Bunzl kept his two acetate discs together with his record collection until they were all packed away into cartons when his wife and he emigrated from the UK in 1976. He didn’t give them much thought until recently when he was compiling old CIB documents for publication elsewhere on this web site.

Fred has now scanned and uploaded his two discs. You can also download a direct copy of the recording.

And here is a scan of what may be one of the original acetate pressings.

Asked what he intends doing with these two rare copies of “Who Do You Think You Are Kidding Mr Wilson”, Fred said: “I haven’t yet decided. If there’s enough interest I’d like to auction them off and give all the proceeds to charity.”


Download the audio of this rare acetate pressing here.

Ending UK Radio Monopoly – 1970 – The Crucial Year

Over the last few weeks we’ve been busy scanning and uploading National Commercial Radio Movement (NCRM) surviving documents and recordings covering the years 1967 to 1969. You can now view any of these items on our Archive page.

Now in the coming days we’ll be focusing on uploading documents for the crucial year of 1970. So why was 1970 crucial in the fight for the end of monopoly radio broadcasting in the UK?

Well, looking back, radio broadcasting in the UK started in 1922 with station 2LO initially using a small 100 watt transmitter on the top floor of Marconi House in London’s Strand. Later the same year the BBC (British Broadcasting Company) was created and although broadcasts during 1923-1926 included some sponsorship – for Harrods department store and newspapers such as the Evening Standard, News Of The World and Daily Herald – all advertising ceased in January 1927 when the BBC’s (Corporation) monopoly license was granted which prohibited all forms of sponsorship or advertising.

During the 1920’s and 1930’s the only way advertisers could reach the UK’s growing radio audience was via the popular English language broadcasts of offshore commercial radio stations such as Radio Paris, Radio Normandy and Radio Luxembourg (RTL), all of which broadcast from continental Europe. Many of these broadcasts were organised by the International Broadcasting Company (IBC) which was formed by Conservative MP and commercial radio pioneer, Captain L.F. Plugge.

But when the 2nd World War started in 1939, all these stations ceased broadcasting and when war ended none restarted in English except RTL which was heard for many years in the evenings only on 208 metres (1439kcs.).

So from 1945 onwards, the BBC’s monopoly was largely restored and so it was to remain until 1964, when Ronan O’Rahilly‘s Radio Caroline first came on the air, to be followed by Radio London, Radio 390, Radio Scotland and many others. By 1966 the UK was ringed by up to 10 unlicensed stations broadcasting from ships or ex-military anti-aircraft forts located around the Thames estuary which had gained a substantial listenership of people who clearly preferred the pirates’ programmes to those of the BBC.

It was over three years later, in August 1967 that the British government finally passed a law forbidding UK citizens from advertising or supplying services to the pirate stations and by March 1968 they had all gone.

To replace the very popular offshore pirate radio stations the then Labour government, instead of introducing alternative radio services to the BBC, a decision which would likely have received some popular approval, decided instead to dogmatically uphold the radio monopoly by requesting the BBC to introduce a new music service called “Radio One” which started in September 1967.

The Labour government also asked the BBC to start a series of local radio stations up and down the country to be paid for out of the radio listeners’ license fee. This was clearly unfair and wasteful because listeners in areas without any local station still had to pay. Also, for much of the time, these BBC local stations simply duplicated existing programmes which listeners could already hear by tuning to Radios 2 or 4! An obvious waste of taxpayers’ money as well as a waste of frequencies.

On the other hand the Conservative party had in March 1969 promised to introduce independent commercial radio and so end the BBC’s radio monopoly if it was returned to power at the next General Election.

This then was the prevailing situation at the beginning of 1970 with the Labour government, on one side, dogmatically opposed to any form of commercial radio and the Opposition Conservatives on the other side, promising its early introduction.

Then in 1970 two events took place…

First, on 24 March 1970 a powerful new offshore pirate radio ship called Radio Northsea International (RNI) started broadcasting from mv. Mebo II anchored in international waters, 5 miles from Frinton/Clacton-on-Sea, Essex.

Second, Prime Minister, Harold Wilson announced a General Election for the 18th June 1970.

The Labour Government, thinking they had finally “seen off” the radio pirates with their 1967 legislation, must have been – to say the least – annoyed at the appearance of RNI. On 15th April 1970 the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications, overseen by the Minister responsible, Mr John Stonehouse, started unprecedented jamming of RNI’s broadcasts using a transmitter located at Beacon Hill near Rochester, Kent and later with an additional high power transmitter at Canewdon, near Southend Airport.

RNI changed their medium wave frequency several times in the coming weeks but each time they found the Ministry’s jamming transmitters following them. Eventually, on or about 13th May 1970, RNI settled on 1232 kHz (244 metres), a frequency allocated and used by Czechoslovakia. This improved RNI’s reception but was adjacent to the BBC’s pop music station Radio One on 1214 kHz (247 metres).

The proximity of the two stations resulted in the Ministry’s jamming causing interference to BBC Radio as well as to RNI, especially in Kent and elsewhere in south-east England resulting in many listener complaints. Apart from difficulties listening to Radio One, they were naturally annoyed about the cost because, as taxpayers, they were paying first to listen to Radio One and were paying again for the cost of the jamming transmitters! Not surprisingly, the Labour controlled Ministry brushed off this accusation in a letter to CIB dated 18th June 1970 (Election day) by saying that RNI “… proved to be the principal source of the interference“.

RNI responded to the jamming with pro-Conservative party political messages for the general election and during the week starting 13th June 1970 changed its name to “Radio Caroline International”.

Labour lost the General Election on 18th June 1970, the first in which the 18-21 age group were allowed to vote. Was RNI the cause of Harold Wilson’s 1970 General Election defeat? That’s a difficult question to answer which the BBC’s 2011 programme, “The Radio Election 1970” tries to answer. Analysing the election results shows that in the constituencies nearest to RNI the swing against Labour was greatest. Several constituencies in London and the South East were marginals and a swing of just 1% was needed to change the result. But elsewhere in Britain RNI’s broadcasts probably had little or no effect on the result.

The new Conservative government appointed Chris Chataway the new Minister of Posts & Telecommunications but to many people’s disappointment, the jamming did not stop until RNI returned to the Dutch coast on 23rd July.

Unlike his Labour predecessor, Chris Chataway, in a written reply to Conservative MP for Rochester and Chatham, Peggy Fenner, did concede that there had indeed been at least “a few genuine cases of interference to Radio One…“. Chataway also hinted at the true reason for the jamming of RNI when he said that: “My action in ‘jamming’ is the only way in which we can prevent the station establishing itself and incidentally prevent a spate of pirate broadcasting.”

At the opening of Parliament on 2nd July 1970, the Queen’s Speech confirmed that legislation for UK mainland commercial radio was to be introduced and the first stations, LBC and Capital Radio finally came on air in October 1973.