Radio Station Archive – BBC

Below is a list of archived BBC radio recordings, air-checks, videos and documents which we make freely available to our site visitors subject to the following conditions.

Limited Use
IMPORTANT: Please note that all documents on this site, including all pictures, audio and video recordings, are for historical research, academic and educational purposes only. Any other use of materials on this site, including reproduction for any purposes other than those noted above, including, but not limited to modification, distribution, or re-publication by any means without the prior written permission of is prohibited. No other use may be made without the express written permission of this site’s owners.

All trademarks, service marks, and trade names are proprietary to their other respective owners.

Audio & Video Recordings
The recordings listed below are in .mp3 or .mp4 format within password-protected .zip files. You will need to first download the .zip file to your computer. To unzip the file you will need Winzip or 7-Zip or another fully compatible alternative software. When you unzip the file, you will also need the password which you can obtain at no cost by contacting us and explaining briefly what your interest is.
We also provide some recordings to listen to online here and here.
Please follow the following link if you are looking for audio recordings from other radio stations (not BBC).

Document Archive
If you are looking for our document archives, please follow the following link for a list of NCRM (National Commercial Radio Movement), CIB (Campaign For Independent Broadcasting) and related documents.

1960, This Is The BBC, .mp4 66 mins.
This film gives a fascinating impression of 24 hours in the life of the BBC. There is no commentary at all — instead the sound track consists entirely of the announcements, programme music and voices of the artists, commentators and technical staff. It is a broadcasting time-capsule — TV competition, in the form of ITV, had started just 5 years earlier and its radio monopoly was to be severely shaken just 4 years later with the arrival of offshore pirate Radio Caroline. “This Is The BBC” was broadcast on BBC-TV on 29th June 1960, the opening night of BBC Television Centre, headquarters of BBC Television until 2013. Produced and directed by Richard Cawston.

1964, Fri. 10th July, BBC Home Service, Scrapbook For 1938 – “The Brink of the Precipice”, .mp3 75 mins.
Scrapbook was an occasional and enduringly popular programme on BBC radio which lasted for more than 40 years. It was first broadcast in 1932 on the BBC’s National Programme, in post-war years on the BBC Home Service and was last heard in about 1974 on BBC Radio 4. The Scrapbook programmes were devised and researched by Leslie Baily, narrated by Freddie Grisewood and produced by Vernon Harris. Each programme would be devoted to the key events and highlights of one specific year from a British standpoint and included accounts by people who were close to historical events, recordings of radio broadcasts and newsreels, recordings from popular shows, singers and musicians. Read more about the BBC Scrapbook programmes…

1967, BBC Home Service : The Pirates of Pop1960s
.mp4 35 mins. The Pirates of Pop – A Study of Pop or Pirate Radio The exact date of this early 1967 programme about the 1960s offshore pirate radio stations is unknown and it is doubtful whether it was ever broadcast. Voices heard include Simon Dee, Radio London Managing Director, Philip Birch and Donald MacLean of the BBC’s Popular Music Department. The presenter is uncertain but it is likely John Benson. The name of the programme’s producer is unknown but BBC producer Johnny Beerling suspects John Muir may well have produced it as well as doing the interviews. Why was this programme never broadcast? Probably because the views expressed in “The Pirates of Pop” were sharply in contrast to UK Labour government policy, which in 1967 was not only against the offshore pirate radio stations but was also dogmatically opposed to the introduction of land-based commercial radio. This policy did not change until the 1970 UK general election which was won by the Conservative party.

1969, Pop Went The Pirates, .mp3 52 mins.
This is almost certainly Auntie BBC’s very first tribute to the 1960’s offshore radio stations that changed the face of British radio for ever. Introduced by Andy Wright and broadcast over various BBC local stations in 1969.
Presenter Andy Wright, who died in 1997, worked most of his career in BBC local radio.
His brother, Charles, says that Andy made this programme entirely off his own bat and it was not sanctioned by the BBC at the time. The announcer at the start of this recording is Victor Hallam, later a regular on BBC Radio 3.

1969, Sat. 26th April, BBC Radio 1, 247m., Johnnie Walker Show, .mp3 120 mins.
This was Johnnie Walker’s first show for the BBC following Radio Caroline’s demise a year earlier in March 1968.

1969, Mon. 26th May, BBC Radio 1, 247m., Johnnie Walker Show, .mp3 120 mins.

1970, BBC World Service News, .mp3 3-3/4 mins.
Is this joke/mashup what BBC engineers (armed with razor blade and splicing tape) got up to in their spare time at Bush House? Listen to Roger Collinge reading the World Service News as never before (or again)!

1971, Tues. 29th June, BBC Radio London, Interview with Ronan O’Rahilly, .mp3 48-1/2 mins.
In this rare BBC interview with David Simmons, Radio Caroline’s founder, Ronan O’Rahilly, talks about his movies “Gold” and “Girl on a Motorcycle“, the Oz magazine trial, as well as Radio Caroline’s active support for the Conservative Party during the June 1970 General Election campaign and his views on Harold Wilson, the Government and freedom in general.

1972, Sat. 13th May, BBC Radio 1, FM 95.3, Stuart Henry Show, .mp3 46 mins.
This show starts at 09.55 hrs. and includes the last minute or so of Ed Stewart’s Junior Choice. Pete Brady on news. This FM recording on 95.3 was BBC Radio London’s frequency at the time.

1972, Sun. 14th May, BBC Radios 1 & 2, 247m & FM, Emperor Rosko – “Rock’n’Roll Is Here To Stay” + Alan Freeman “Pick Of The Pops” (part), .mp3 93 mins.
Starting at 16.00 hrs., includes the close of Jimmy Savile’s “Speakeasy” programme followed by the whole of Rosko’s show which was the last in the series. Rosko’s show ends at 17.00 when we hear the first half hour of “Pick Of The Pops” with Alan Freeman in FM quality.

1972, Tues. 19th Sep., BBC Radio 2, “script” for “Late Night Extra”.
Five years after Radio One’s 1967 start with ad-libbed programmes copied from the offshore stations, Radio Two continued with bureaucratic scripts as shown in this example – a set of 18 pages for a 2 hour show with a set going to each of at least 8 people adds up to nearly 1 kilo of paper! Just for one 2 hour show. Imagine how many trees the BBC sacrificed in a month. Note also that a 2 hour show required 4 hours of “rehearsal”.

1973, Sat. 19th May, 10.30-11.30 a.m. BBC Radio Blackburn FM – “The Unruly Waves”, .mp3 61-1/2 mins. This is one of the earliest BBC programmes dedicated to the offshore “pirate” radio stations of the 1960’s and early 1970’s. Produced by Paul Heaney for BBC Radio Humberside this programme includes the voices of Ted Allbeury of Radio 390, Radio London’s Philip Birch, BBC Radio 1 & 2 Controller Douglas Muggeridge, Wilf Proudfoot of Radio 270, Radio Caroline’s Ronan O’Rahilly and Edward Short, the Postmaster General responsible for the 1967 Marine etc. Broadcasting and Offences Act. Also included are the voices of DJs Rusty Allen, Andy Archer, Tony Blackburn, Roger Day, Simon Dee, Dave Dennis, Kenny Everett, Alan Freeman, Paul Kaye, Michael Lindsay, Ron O’Quinn and Johnnie Walker.

1973, summer, BBC Radios 1 & 2 – “The Beatles Story” .mp3 630 mins.
This 14 part documentary series of programmes was presented by Brian Matthew. It was written and produced by Johnny Beerling. An earlier 13 part version had first been aired weekly by the Beeb starting on Sunday, 21st May 1972 at 5pm..
Parts 1-5
Parts 6-10
Parts 11-14

1974, 26th Jan., BBC Radio 2 FM Stereo – “The Story Of Pop, Part 18, Ship To Shore”, .mp3 70-1/4 mins.
Covers “pirate” radio’s effect on pop music and its development into Britain’s first national pop music station, BBC Radio 1. Produced by Tim Blackmore, narrated by Alan Freeman, written by Keith Skues and John Pigeon, this program includes the voices of Ronan O’Rahilly, Philip Birch, Tony Windsor, Keith Skues, Paul Kaye, Simon Dee, Johnnie Walker, Tony Blackburn, Kenny Everett and many others. This recording includes a few minutes of the preceding programme illustrating that by 1974 BBC Radio 2 had not yet got rid of its 1940’s/1950’s Forces Programme/Light Programme “brass band” image.

1974, April, BBC Radio “Study on 3 – Commercial Radio”, Part 1, Part 2 & Part 3.
These are the scripts of a series of three programmes describing the way various groups wanting commercial radio in Britain built their campaigns in the 1960’s and the sort of commercial radio that finally emerged starting in October 1973. Introduced by Financial Times journalist, Chris Dunkley, those taking part are:
Christopher Chataway, conservative government minister responsible for carrying the commercial radio legislation through parliament.
Terry Bate, Radio Caroline executive.
Harry McGee, Pye Electronics executive, the company jointly responsible for the creation of Britain’s first licensed commercial radio station, Manx Radio, in June 1964, nearly ten years before commercial radio was licensed on the UK mainland.
John Gorst, secretary of the Local Radio Association, a pressure group of potential commercial radio station operators.
Sir Paul Bryan, Conservative shadow minister responsible for broadcasting in the 1960’s.
Geoffrey Pearl, Chairman of the Free Radio Association.
Martin Rosen, Press & Public Relations Officer for the Campaign For Independent Broadcasting.
Hughie Green, whose Commercial Broadcasting Consultants company was pressing for the introduction of commercial radio on Medium Wave only.
Douglas Lowndes, Director of the Newspaper Society, representing local newspapers who saw the prospect of commercial radio as a threat to their advertising revenues.
John Morton, General Secretary of the Musicians’ Union, which was violently opposed to the introduction of commercial radio.
Don Wightman, a member of the commercial radio committee, set up by the Institute of Practitioners in Advertising and media director of Lintas advertising agency.
Philip Whitehead, Labour MP, television producer and founder member of the “76 Group”, which was in favour of local or community radio but opposed to radio being run commercially.

1993, Sun. 24th Oct., BBC Radio 4, Desert Island Discs with Kenny Everett, .mp3 35 mins.
Interviewed by Sue Lawley.

1995, Fri. 7th July, BBC Radio 1, FM, John Peel tribute to Wolfman Jack, .mp3 12-3/4 mins.
John Peel’s tribute includes an edited aircheck of the legendary american DJ Wolfman Jack on “border blaster” radio XERB from Sep/Oct. 1967.

1997, Oct/Nov., BBC Radio 2 – The History of UK Popular Music Radio. This 4 part series is introduced by DJ Noel Edmonds and produced by Trevor Dan & Kevin Howlett to celebrate the BBC’s 75th anniversary. It’s an excellent series except for an unfortunate factual error in Part 4 where Noel Edmonds wrongly states that in 1970:
“RNI (Radio Nordsee International) embarked on a carefully orchestrated propaganda campaign against the Labour government… The government’s response to these tactics was for the first time in British history to jam its transmitters.”
In fact the reverse is true in that the Labour government had begun jamming RNI as early as 15 April 1970 and RNI did not respond with pro-Conservative party political messages until 13th June 1970. This is confirmed by several independent online sources including Wikipedia.
Part 1 – The Early Years of UK Music Radio, 1930-1950 features Radio Normandy, Radio Luxembourg, broadcasting during World War II, the BBC Forces Programme, the Allied Expeditionary Force (AEF) Programme and the BBC Light Programme. Includes the voices of Bob Danvers-Walker, Geoffrey Everett, Margaret Hubble, Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce), Odette Lesley, Charles Maxwell, The Ovaltineys, Roy Plomley, Max Stanniforth, Christopher Stone and Stephen Williams.
Part 2 – “Roll Over Beethoven” deals with the 1950’s up to 1964, featuring Radio Luxembourg, BBC Light Programme, Radio Caroline, Radio WINS, Housewives’ Choice, Pick Of The Pops, Easy Beat, Saturday Club and includes Derek Chinnery, Alan Crawford, Simon Dee, Keith Fordyce, Alan Freed, Alan Freeman, Tony Hall, Jack Jackson, David Jacobs, Teddy Johnson, Brian Matthew, Christopher Moore, Pete Murray, Ronan O’Rahilly, Ray Orchard, Jimmy Savile and Roger Scott.
Part 3 – “The Offshore Pirates” covers the years 1964 to 1967 with Radio Caroline, Radio Atlanta, Radio Sutch, Radio City, Radio 390, Radio London (Big L), Radio Scotland, Radio 270, Radio England, Radio WABC with the voices of Philip Birch, Tony Blackburn, Paul Burnette, Dave Cash, Edward Cole, Robbie Dale, Larry Dean, Tom Edwards, Ken Evans, Kenny Everett, Tony Hall, John Peel, Ronan O’Rahilly, Edward Short, Keith Skues, Johnnie Walker, Tony Windsor and Tommy Vance.
Part 4 – “Radio Ga Ga” is about the period from 1967 to 1997 and deals with the overhaul at Broadcasting House (BBC) where the Home Service, Light Programme and Third Programme were replaced by Radios One, Two, Three and Four and the problems faced by the BBC trying to emulate the offshore pirate radio stations. Features Radio Caroline, BBC Radio One, Radio Luxembourg, Radio Northsea International (RNI), BBC Radio Leicester, Independent Broadcasting Authority (IBA), Capital Radio, Radio 210 and includes the voices of Johnnie Beerling, Tony Blackburn, Paul Burnette, Dave Cash, Roger Day, Jack De Manio, Kenny Everett, Alan Freeman, Frank Gillard, Jack Jackson, Duncan Johnson, John Peel, Tony Prince, Mike Raven, Emperor Rosko, Jimmy Savile, Robin Scott, Edward Short, Keith Skues, Dave Lee Travis, Larry Tremaine, Tommy Vance, Johnnie Walker, Alan West, Tony Windsor, Terry Wogan, Steve Wright and Jimmy Young. Also included is the protesting voice of CIB’s Martin Rosen (then with the Free Radio Association): “We want the basic freedom of choice, the choice between the BBC and independent radio stations.“.

2004, BBC Radio Essex – “All At Sea, Part 1, The Story of 1960’s Offshore “Pirate” Radio by Ray Clark”, .mp3 53 mins.
This programme was produced by BBC and ex Radio Caroline DJ, Ray Clark to celebrate 40th anniversary of offshore “pirate” radio which started on Easter Sunday 1964 when Radio Caroline was first heard.

2007, BBC Radio Essex – “All At Sea, Part 2, The Story of Offshore “Pirate” Radio from 1967 onwards by Ray Clark”, .mp3 40 mins.
On its 40th anniversary, BBC and ex Radio Caroline DJ, Ray Clark remembers August 1967 when the UK Government’s law against the popular offshore “pirate” radio stations became effective and relates what happened next.

2008, Sat. 5th Jan., BBC Radio 4, God Pirates & Ovaltineys, .mp3 57 mins.
UK radio listeners often think that the offshore pirates of the 1960s, such as Radio Caroline, Radio London, Radio 390 and others, were commercial radio’s original pioneers. But they weren’t. In “God, Pirates & Ovaltineys” writer, poet, broadcaster and Britain’s first Professor of Radio, Seán Street goes back to the early days of radio in the 1920s and 1930s when offshore commercial radio stations located on the continent of Europe, like Radio Normandy, Radio Luxembourg and several others entertained English audiences and provided serious competition for Lord Reith’s BBC. This programme, produced by Julian May, includes the voices of David (Ian) Newman, Keith Wallis, Max Stanniforth, Bob Danvers-Walker, Christopher Stone, Desmond Hawkins, The Ovaltineys, Roy Plomley, John Liffen, Sean Davies and Tom Doam. There is also a written transcript of this programme.

2011, Sat. 1st Jan., BBC Radio Devon, “The Radio Election”, .mp3 60 mins.
This programme about the part that Radio Nordsee International (RNI) played in the 1970 general election attempts to answer the question: Did RNI cause Harold Wilson’s 1970 General Election defeat? It also reveals some little-known, murky details like the extent to which the BBC itself was involved in the then Labour government’s jamming of RNI’s programmes. Includes the voices of Roger Day, Andy Archer, Larry Tremaine, Carl Mitchell, Duncan Johnson, Alan West and Mark Wesley. Programme written, produced & presented by Paul Rowley.

2014, Sat. 20th Dec., BBC Radio 4 Extra, “Here’s Kenny” – Kenny Everett, .mp3 61 mins.
Journalist Mark Paytress presents the story of Kenny Everett’s radio and TV career. Apart from Kenny himself and many of his souvenirs, jingles, promos and clips, this programme includes extracts from pirate Big-L Radio London with contributions from Tony Blackburn and Keith Skues. Also included is Kenny’s work with his friends, The Beatles. Kenny was the very first DJ anywhere to play the Beatles’ “Strawberry Fields Forever” on radio, toured America with them and even produced two Beatles fan club albums. This programme produced by Sian Price and first broadcast on BBC Radio 4 in 2008.

2014, Thurs. 25th Dec., BBC Radio 4 Extra, Happy Birthday Maurice Cole / Kenny Everett, .mp3 60 mins.
This programme about Kenny Everett, originally broadcast at Xmas 2009, is produced and presented by the BBC’s Paul Rowley and looks at Kenny’s early life and in particular his pioneering work on offshore pirate Big-L Radio London and later with the Beeb.

2014, Thurs. 25th Dec., BBC Radio 2, Junior Choice, .mp3 116-1/2 mins.
One of the last voices to be heard on offshore station Big-L Radio London when it closed in August 1967, Ed Stewart was one of the first DJs to join BBC Radio One when it opened six weeks later. “Junior Choice” had started out in 1954 as “Children’s Favourites” on the Beeb’s “Light Programme”, the name being changed in 1967. Ed Stewart started hosting “Junior Choice” in 1968 and continued for eleven years. Although “Junior Choice” was dropped in 1982, it was brought back in 2007 for an annual two-hour Christmas Day special which continued until Christmas 2015. Ed Stewart died in January 2016.

Ready Steady Go! : Britain’s Iconic 1960s TV Music ShowReady Steady Go! RSG!
2019, .mp4 59 mins. Ready Steady Go! (RSG!) was a UK rock/pop music ITV programme on Friday evenings starting 9th August 1963 and ending 23rd December 1966. RSG! revolutionised TV for the young and coincided with the 60’s explosion of pop talent. Artists featured here include The Beatles, Manfred Mann, The Beach Boys, Stevie Wonder, Otis Redding, Georgie Fame, The Small Faces, James Brown, The Who, Sandie Shaw, Lulu, Cilla Black, Dusty Springfield, The Supremes, Donovan, The Kinks, The Animals, The Rolling Stones. This BBC video includes RSG!’s original producer, Vicki Wickham, its director, Michael Lindsay-Hogg, Annie Nightingale, Eric Burdon, Chris Farlowe, Mary Wilson, Martha Reeves, Paul Jones, Gerry Marsden and Jools Holland.


Below is a list of NCRM (National Commercial Radio Movement), CIB (Campaign For Independent Broadcasting) and related documents. This list is not complete and represents only some of the documents which have survived. We intend, if possible, to add more documents to this archive in due course.

Limited Use
IMPORTANT: Please note that all documents on this site, including all pictures, audio and video recordings, are for historical research, academic and educational purposes only. Any other use of materials on this site, including reproduction for any purposes other than those noted above, including, but not limited to modification, distribution, or re-publication by any means without the prior written permission of is prohibited. No other use may be made without the express written permission of this site’s owners.

All trademarks, service marks, and trade names are proprietary to their respective owners.

Audio & Video Recordings
Please follow this link for audio recordings.
All audio and video recordings are in .mp3 and .mp4 formats respectively and are within password-protected .zip files. You will need to first download the .zip file to your computer. To unzip the file you will need Winzip or 7-Zip or another fully compatible alternative software. When you unzip the file, you will also need the password which you can obtain at no cost by contacting us and explaining briefly what your interest is.
We also provide some recordings to listen to online here and here.

Campaign For Independent Broadcasting (CIB)
1969 September, Policy Statement entitled “For and Against Local/Regional Radio” arguing the need for a two-tier system of UK local AND regional radio stations.
1969 October, Policy Statement proposing the creation of a “Broadcasting Council” in preference to the ITA-IBA system.
1970 24th March, Letter from former FRA and CIB committee member, Tony Peters.
1970 May, Newsletter to Members – At this time the June General Election had not yet been announced by Prime Minister, Harold Wilson, but Radio Northsea International (RNI) was broadcasting on 244 metres Medium Wave, a frequency very close to BBC Radio One on 247 metres. This newsletter also mentions details of Radio Geronimo, broadcasting at the time using the transmitters of Radio Monte Carlo and with a General Election in the offing, provides an overview of the three major political parties’ policies regarding the introduction of UK commercial radio.
1970 May, Newsletter to Members – devoted to the Labour government’s jamming of Radio Nordsee International (RNI), CIB’s activities in Parliament, discussions with MP Paul Bryan, Shadow Minister for Posts & Telecommunications and questions by MP Mr. Eldon Griffiths in the House of Commons.
1970 May, CIB General Election Publicity Sheet – highlighting Labour government failure to keep promises regarding BBC Local Radio and that their radio monopoly policy results in higher license fees, less listener choice and fewer job opportunities.
1970 May, Publicity Sheet – protesting against the Government’s radio station at Chattenden near Rochester, Kent jamming Radio Nordsee International (RNI). CIB organised a demonstration outside the jamming station on Sunday, 31st May 1970 and received publicity not only from RNI but also from the Press and BBC-TV.
1970 27th May, Press Release concerning the jamming of Radio Northsea International (RNI). This includes a statement by CIB as well as a copy of a telex message to CIB from RNI’s headquarters in Zurich, Switzerland.
1970 31st May, Letter from CIB Hon. Chair, David Prewett to Prime Minister, Harold Wilson – castigating his Labour government for “manipulating” UK sound broadcasting policy and providing examples of their misleading statements.
1970 June, Newsletter to Members – features news of CIB’s protests at parliamentary level against the jamming of Radio Nordsee International by the then Labour government and CIB’s demonstration outside the government’s jamming station at Chattenden near Rochester, Kent on 31st May 1970 which was duly reported by BBC-TV the same evening and by the press. Also covered is the upcoming Protest Rally to be held on 14th June 1970 at Speakers’ Corner, Marble Arch, London.
1970 Sun. 14th June, Free Radio Rally, Hyde Park, London, .mp3 43 mins.
This is probably the only surviving audio recording of some of the speeches made that Sunday afternoon at the Hyde Park rally for Free Radio. The rally was jointly organized by CIB (Campaign for Independent Broadcasting) and FRC (Free Radio Campaign), and the recording includes the voices (in speaking order) of David Prewett (CIB Chair), Martin Rosen (CIB Press & Public Relations) and Ronan O’Rahilly.
1970 July, Newsletter to Members – expressing thanks for supporting the “Free Radio” rally and march to Downing Street held on 14th June 1970. This newsletter also included CIB’s updated policy statements to ensure that all members were fully informed.
1970 July, CIB Policy Statements – outlining CIB’s position on the future of Sound Broadcasting in the UK including commercial radio, non-commercial radio and the future of BBC Local Radio. This policy formed the basis for CIB’s position in meetings with the new Conservative government including the meeting with Christopher Chataway, Minister of Posts & Telecommunications held on 14th July 1970.
1970 14th July, Ministry of Posts & Telecommunications Meeting Minutes – The main points discussed at CIB’s meeting with Chris Chataway, Minister of Posts & Telecommunications, were the continuing jamming of Radio Nordsee International (RNI) and CIB’s current policy on the future for UK commercial and non-commercial radio, both local and regional.
1970 August, Newsletter to Members – includes a report on CIB’s recent meeting with Chris Chataway, Minister of Posts & Telecommunications (MinPostTel), together with a copy of the meeting minutes; also the latest news about Radio Nordsee International and information about MinPostTel’s contacts with the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) regarding the continuing transmissions by Radio Northsea International (RNI).
1970 September, “Electronics Weekly” article – based on CIB policy statements of July 1970.
1970 October, Newsletter to Members – includes updates on Radio Nordsee International, Capitol Radio, Radio Geronimo, Manx Radio, Radio Luxembourg and BBC Radio London. Also news about CIB meetings with various Members of Parliament and MinPostTel as well as news about Reading Free Radio Group, Bristol Free Radio Movement and other local free radio groups.
1971 January, Newsletter to Members – records details of meetings with MP’s including Wilf Proudfoot (ex Radio 270), meeting with MinPostTel, CIB press conference, BBC local radio, as well as news about RNI, Radio Monte Carlo International and Capital Radio.
1971 29th January, Copy of Fax from Radio Nordsee International announcing RNI’s intention to start broadcasts in English from m.v. Mebo II off the Belgian coast from middle of February 1971.
1971 January, CIB Policy Statement – amendments to CIB’s position on the establishment of UK commercial radio concerning themed programming, daytime AM/Medium Wave broadcasts in addition to 24 hour FM/VHF output, CIB’s position regarding the government’s favouring a single news source to serve all commercial stations. Reference is also made to an independent survey entitled “Sound Broadcasting in Britain and the prospects for Commercial Radio” carried out by George T. Murray for Marketing Economics Ltd. also mentioned in CIB’s newsletter for members of January 1971.
1971 January, Policy statement entitled “Second Memorandum on Independent Broadcasting in the United Kingdom” covering issues related to VHF/FM and BBC second generation “local”, but in reality regional radio stations, FM slant polarization, separate FM and MW programming, the upcoming international radio frequency conference, “needle time” and the Musicians Union, sponsored programmes and the establishment of a “Broadcasting Council” for overseeing commercial and other independent radio stations.
1971 March, Newsletter to Members – with the latest news and programme schedule for Radio Nordsee International (RNI), CIB’s upcoming Annual General Meeting, the prospects for a UK national commercial radio station and a report on a meeting of the BBC’s “76 Group” at the Royal Festival Hall at which Hughie Green as well as CIB Chairman, David Prewett took part.
1971 25th April, Annual General Meeting Minutes reports on CIB’s activities, including the jamming of RNI and events leading up to the June 1970 General Election, the Government’s White Paper for commercial radio, Treasurer’s report and CIB’s future plans.
1971 June, Members’ Newsletter – featuring a review of the UK Government’s White Paper named “An Alternative Service of Radio Broadcasting”, meetings with M.P.’s Julian Critchley, Geoffrey Finsberg, Peter Rost, news of Radio Nordsee International (RNI), Capital Radio, Manx Radio, “Free Radio Campaign” and “Newsbeat” magazine.
1971 October, Members’ Newsletter – includes news about offshore radio stations Radio Nordsee International (RNI) and Radio Veronica, RNI’s souvenir book, Manx Radio, Newsbeat magazine, ITV-2 and North of England Free Radio Campaign.
1972 January, Members’ Newsletter – reviews CIB’s activities and developments during 1971 including the UK’s “Sound Broadcasting Bill” for the introduction of commercial radio, CIB’s meeting with the IBA’s John Thompson, RNI news and programme details, a brief review of Paul Harris’ book “To Be A Pirate King”, news of “Southend & District Free Radio Campaign” and “Newsbeat International”.
1972 30th April, CIB Constitution.
2013 17th November/11th December, email messages from David Prewett with his memories of Free Radio Association, National Commercial Radio Movement and Campaign For Independent Broadcasting.

Disc and Music Echo
1969 4th January, pages 13 & 14, “Pirate Radio is Dead” says Johnnie Walker.
Johnnie Walker’s article includes mention of our (National Commercial Radio Movement’s) work. Also included on these two pages is an article by David Hughes about offshore radio DJs entitled: “Where are they now?” and Caroline Boucher writing about “Death to micro-skirts this year”!

Free Radio Association
1967 29th May, Free Radio Rally report in “The Times”
1969 May, Booklet by Barry Schofield entitled: “The Free Radio Association – Rise & Fall Of A Misguided Association”.
1970, Spotlight magazine – A publication by the Free Radio Association providing “an insight into the structure and the work* of the FRA.

Free Radio Campaign (FRC)
1970, Free Radio News, Issue No.6.
1970 4th April, FRC letter concerning their merger with Free Radio Association.
1970 7th April, FRC letter concerning their merger with Free Radio Association.
1970, FRC publicity sheet entitled: “Free Radio Explained“.

International Telecommunications Union (ITU)
1948, Copenhagen Plan – Final Protocol. This document provides full details of the Medium Wave and Long Wave radio frequency plan for Europe which remained in force until it was replaced by the 1975 Geneva Frequency Plan.

London Weekly Advertiser & National Advertiser and Time & Tide
Starting about January 1967, the “London Weekly Advertiser & National Advertiser” included a 4-page supplement called “Radio News” dedicated to the offshore pirate radio stations, including news and programme listings. From about March 1967, “Radio News” was transferred to “Time & Tide” magazine. “Radio News” ceased publication before 15th August 1967 to avoid contravening the Marine Broadcasting (Offences) Act which made it illegal for UK citizens to advertise or supply goods and services to the pirate radio stations.
1967 17th January, “Radio News”.
1967 20th April, “Radio News” – from Time & Tide, Vol.47 No.51.
1967 11th May, “Radio News” – from Time & Tide, Vol.47 No.53.

National Commercial Radio Movement (NCRM)
1968, Brochure – provides an outline of NCRM’s aims and policies.
1968 August, Downing Street Coffin Protest report “The Times”.
1968 November, Newsletter to members – includes mention of meeting by NCRM Public Relations Officer, David Prewett, with Shadow (Conservative) Postmaster General, Paul Bryan, the Greater London Council radio license bid, the future of “pirate” radio, and what members can do themselves to campaign for the introduction of licensed independent radio.
1969 14th January, Letter from NCRM’s Hon. Public Relations Officer, Martin Rosen, in which he outlines NCRM’s main activities during its first 6 months existence, including drawing up its “Sound Broadcasting Study“, assisting a 1968 Free Radio Rally in Trafalgar Square and a “coffin demonstration” to 10 Downing street commemorating the death of competition in radio – the 1st anniversary of the passing of the law outlawing British subjects from supplying goods or services to offshore radio stations in August 1967. This “coffin demonstration” was reported by “The Times” and NCRM’s then Hon. Vice Chairman, David Prewett, recalls the event today: “The car provided (to carry the coffin) was actually my old estate car. I picked up the coffin (rented from a local firm of undertakers) on the previous day and it had been in the car all night in our drive at Thame – much to the interest of our neighbours. In the morning I drove down the M4 much to the interest of passing coach passengers who looked into the back of the estate car. I met Martin (Rosen), Caroline (Peters) and Fred Hasler in the Mall.”
1969 February, “Sound Broadcasting Study” – NCRM’s 1969 overview of how additional radio stations could be added by more efficient use of existing frequencies already used by the UK. Author: David Prewett, NCRM Vice-Chairman.
1969 February, Newsletter to members – topics include Greater London Council plans for local commercial radio, meeting with FRA, plans for a Free Radio Rally on 30th March 1969 and changes to the NCRM committee.
1969 January/March, NCRM report of meeting with Greater London Council (GLC) – this was held at the London Chamber of Commerce on 20th January 1969 when Leslie Freeman, Chairman of GLC General Purposes Committee, presented their local commercial radio bill. The GLC’s bill was however later rejected by the Labour government for the usual reasons (lack of available medium wave frequencies, harm to newspaper advertising revenues, etc.). Mr Roy Mason, the Postmaster General for the then Labour government, was however frank as to his government’s dogmatic opposition to commercial radio in principle when he stated in the House of Commons that: “My hon. Friend can rest assured that Government policy is not to allow local commercial radio stations.
1969 April, Press Release – NCRM’s assessment of the UK sound broadcasting situation, its objections to Government policy and its proposals for the introduction of independent radio.
1969 April, Newsletter to members.
1969 May, Newsletter to members – Topics covered include the Free Radio Rally in Trafalgar Square London scheduled for 10th August 1969, the move by the Greater London Council to introduce a radio station for the London area, an interview with Radio Caroline disc-jockey Roger Day and details of NCRM’s policy for the introduction of regional rather than local independent radio stations.
1969 July, Publicity sheet for the Free Radio Rally held in Trafalgar Square on 10th August 1969.
1969 September, Newsletter to members, reports on the Free Radio Rally on 10th August 1969, jointly organised by NCRM, Free Radio Campaign and Bristol Free Radio Movement and NCRM’s first birthday.
1969 October/November, Newsletter to members – topics include details of meeting with BBC’s “Campaign For Better Broadcasting“, the Conservative Party Conference, “Disc & Music Echo” opinion poll results and an interview with Spike Milligan with his views on independent radio.
1969 12th October, Report of Meeting between Fred Hasler (NCRM Chairman), Alex McKenna (Free Radio Campaign) and Geoffrey Pearl (Free Radio Association) concerning a possible merger.
1969 7th November, Meeting minutes concerning FRA merger discussions.
1970 January, Newsletter to members – matters discussed included unconfirmed report of a new offshore radio station soon to start broadcasting (RNI), a newspaper report about Ron O’Rahilly’s projected Caroline Television, Radio Sweden, and the BBC’s controversial plans for “Broadcasting in the Seventies“.
1970 February, Annual General Meeting report and minutes – this meeting recorded NCRM’s (National Commercial Radio Movement) name change to Campaign For Independent Broadcasting (CIB). This was to enable us to better promote other forms of independent broadcasting apart from commercial radio, such as non-commercial university radio, e.g. University Radio York. At this meeting Fred Hasler decided to stand down as Hon. Chairman and his place was taken by David Prewett who outlined NCRM/CIB’s achievements since it was formed in 1968:
* Fill the gap which other “free radio” groups had not covered, i.e. gaining attention and support from Members of Parliament and other influential people.
* Preparing, producing and distributing the NCRM “Sound Broadcasting Study” which sets out NCRM’s principles, highlights how the BBC misuses/wastes its allocated radio frequencies and how this can be remedied.

Record Retailer
1968 23rd December, page 5, “Blueprint for Free Radio”.
Half-page article by Paul Philips about proposals for commercial radio by the National Commercial Radio Movement (NCRM), including its “Sound Broadcasting Study“.

UK Ministry Of Posts & Telecommunications (MINPOSTTEL)
1970 July, Letters from Peggy Fenner, Conservative MP for Rochester and Chatham, Kent and from MINPOSTTEL concerning the jamming of Radio Nordsee International.
1970 14th July, Minutes of Meeting with Campaign For Independent Broadcasting.

World Radio TV Handbook (WRTVH)
1970, Table of Long Wave and Medium Wave Radio Station Transmitters
This extract from WRTVH for 1970 includes all LW and MW radio station transmitters in the European area (including fringe areas like North Africa, Middle East, West Asia) listed by frequency. For each frequency the table shows each transmitter power, location and country.
Compare this list with the radio frequency and transmitter power allocations listed in the 1948 ITU Copenhagen Plan (which remained in force until 1975) to illustrate how the offshore “pirate” radio stations of the 1960’s were arguably only slightly more liberal than many other “authorized” radio stations enjoying the protection of their respective countries.

1967, “A Little Requiem For Big L & Co“, excerpt from a book about “Swinging London” by journalist, Karl Dallas, published in early 1967, a few months before the passing of the Marine Broadcasting (Offences) Act.
1968, Dust cover for the first edition of “When Pirates Ruled The Waves” published in 1968 by Paul Harris showing the approximate locations of the 10 UK offshore radio stations broadcasting in the 1960’s.
1969 2nd January, Letter from Keith Skues.
1969, Thesis: “The Case For Commercial Broadcasting in the United Kingdom” by Mike Lane. Mike, who was a CIB member in the 1960’s, has kindly agreed that we publish his 1969 thesis, which he submitted for his Higher National Diploma Business course, which won him a high mark.
Mike said recently that back in the 1960’s he had wanted to join Radio Caroline:
“I have retained my interest in radio to the present day and still regret not joining Caroline in 1966 to take over from Tony Blackburn after he left the station when the ship (M.V. Mi Amigo) ran aground. Regrettably Tom Lodge, the Programme Director, felt I was too young to join at that stage, so I never went into radio. Instead, on completing my Business Studies course, I joined a Pharmaceutical Company based near me at Kew and …stayed in the industry for all of my career. I joined an ad agency in 1983 and 10 years later, together with 2 colleagues, formed a health-care agency which became one of the most successful start ups. Many years ago, I transferred my DXing to satellite TV and can now pick up thousands of TV stations from a multitude of satellites. But I still love radio… To my mind, internet radio is the future, not DAB.”
In its 16 pages, his comprehensive thesis compares the history of radio in the UK and USA, assesses the then prevailing BBC radio monopoly and its programme policy, summarises the arguments against monopoly broadcasting, the 1960’s offshore radio “pirates'” threat to the BBC’s monopoly and outlines a plan for future UK radio. Mike acknowledges help he received preparing his work from:
Desmond Plummer – Leader of the Greater London Council.
Tony Vickers – Associated Television (ATV).
Don Wardell – Head of News and Press services of Radio Luxembourg (London) Ltd.
James Fisher – Microphone Publicity, BBC Radios 1 and 2.
David A. Prewett – Vice-Chairman of the National Commercial Radio Movement (later Campaign for Independent Broadcasting).
Irwin Belofsky – Director of Publicity & Promotion at Radio New York Worldwide (WNYW).
Mr. H.N. Snashall – Head of BBC maintenance.
Anonymous lady representatives of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation and the Australian Broadcasting Commission, London.
1971 22nd October, Letter from Keith Skues. The “Commercial Radio pamphlet” Keith refers to in this letter is NCRM’s “Sound Broadcasting Study“.
1973, “American Graffiti” The Making of the Movie. This informative documentary features many interviews and other footage of the cast and crew for the 1973 film “American Graffiti”, an American coming-of-age musical comedy-drama directed by George Lucas, produced by Francis Ford Coppola and starring DJ Wolfman Jack, Richard Dreyfuss, Ron Howard and Harrison Ford.

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