RNI was owned by Swiss businessmen, Edwin Bollier and Erwin Meister and broadcast from m/v Mebo 2 in international waters off the coasts of Holland and Britain from early 1970 until August 1974 when Dutch legislation against offshore radio stations came into force.
The m/v Mebo 2 was then sold to the Libyan government, renamed “El Fatah” and sailed to the Mediterranean where it arrived in about February 1977. From there it broadcast as “Radio Joumhourya” in Arabic and English until about 1980. It was subsequently used as target practice by the Libyan Navy and was sunk.
In the 1970’s RNI’s headquarters were located in Zurich at Albisriederstrasse 315, on the first floor of an office building which also housed a branch of the Zurich Cantonal Bank. The pictures below, all taken between 1970 and 1973, include RNI’s secretary Eva Pfister and her assistant Sylvia…
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RNI’s studios in Holland pictures.
RNI Scheveningen pictures.
RNI Scheveningen harbour pictures.
RNI Mebo II pictures.
RNI’s Zurich headquarters pictures.
Radio Nordsee International RNI recordings.
Radio Nordsee International RNI Stickers.
Radio Veronica Pictures.
REM Island 1972 Pictures.
Radio Veronica was probably the longest running of all European offshore radio stations, broadcasting primarily to listeners in Holland from 21st April 1960 until 31st August 1974 when Dutch government legislation came into force.
Broadcasting on 192 meters (later 538 metres) Medium Wave from the m/v Borkum Riff, later m/v Nordeney, Radio Veronica in its heyday became the most popular of all radio stations in the Netherlands.
During its 14 year existence, Radio Veronica encountered several other pirate competitors including Radio/TV Noordzee broadcasting from the REM island, as well as ship-borne Radio Dolfijn and Radio 227 (ex Radio England & Britain Radio), Radio Nordsee International (RNI), Radio Caroline, Radio Atlantis and Radio Mi Amigo.
In contrast to most other European offshore stations in the 1960s, which originated their programmes from ship-borne studios, nearly all Radio Veronica’s output was pre-recorded on land at studios located in Hilversum, Holland.
The photos below were made when CIB’s Fred Bunzl visited Veronica’s studios in Hilversum’s Utrechtseweg in July 1970. Fred well remembers his visit: “The thing I remember most was the almost total lack of security. Nobody knew in advance that I was going to visit — I simply walked in the front door and asked the girl at reception if I could take a few photographs. She just smiled and told me to go upstairs where the studios were located. I took a few photos and I remember meeting Lex Harding who happened to be recording one of his programmes at the time. I also made a recording of interviews with some of the technicians and with Lex Harding… The sad part is that very recently, when I tried to transfer the recording to .mp3, the old cassette refused to cooperate and turned to spaghetti – lost for ever 🙁
After closure some ex Veronica staff set up a new organisation (VOO) and were granted a broadcasting license in December 1975.
The picture above of Radio Veronica’s studio building is provided thanks to Jelle Boonstra of JingleWeb.nl. More info about Radio Veronica here and here.
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Radio Veronica Trip Souvenir Pictures.
Radio Veronica Recordings.