Radio Station Archive

Below is a list of archived radio station recordings and air-checks which we make freely available to our site visitors subject to the following conditions.

Limited Use
IMPORTANT: Please note that all documents on this site, including all pictures, audio and video recordings, are for historical research, academic and educational purposes only. Any other use of materials on this site, including reproduction for any purposes other than those noted above, including, but not limited to modification, distribution, or re-publication by any means without the prior written permission of is prohibited. No other use may be made without the express written permission of this site’s owners.

All trademarks, service marks, and trade names are proprietary to their other respective owners.

Audio Recordings
The recordings listed below are in .mp3 format within password-protected .zip files. You will need to first download the .zip file to your computer. To unzip the file you will need Winzip or 7-Zip or another fully compatible alternative software. When you unzip the file, you will also need the password which you can obtain at no cost by contacting us and explaining briefly what your interest is.
We also provide some recordings to listen to online here and here.

Document Archive
If you are looking for our document archives, please follow the following link for a list of NCRM (National Commercial Radio Movement), CIB (Campaign For Independent Broadcasting) and related documents.

American Forces Radio & Television Service (AFRTS)
1976 Summer, Wolfman Jack, .mp3 56-1/2 mins.

American Forces Network (AFN)
1970, AFN Europe Station ID, .mp3 9 secs.

1970 Tuesday 14th July, AFN Frankfurt, Germany, .mp3 64 mins.
Part of the afternoon “Off The Record” show with Steve Ingel on AM 872kcs. Some local interference from time to time as this was recorded from a car radio on the German Autobahn. AFN Frankfurt’s MW transmitter was located at Weißkirchen, Oberursel, Germany and broadcast from May 1951 until May 2013. It was AFN Europe’s most powerful AM transmitter: 150 KW.. More information about AFN. And here’s a video about AFN Europe’s history.

1970 Friday 17th July, AFN Munich, Germany, 1106kcs., .mp3 37 mins.
Includes parts of the “Lunchin’n Munchen” and “Bouncing in Bavaria” shows.

1971 November/December, AFVN Vietnam Network, Saigon., .mp3 3 mins.
Edited extracts. The Vietnam war occurred from 1955 until the fall of Saigon in April 1975. From 1962 until 1975 AFVN network broadcast from Saigon (AM 540Kcs 50kW and FM 99.9MHz 100kW.) with additional lower power transmitters in Hue, Pleiku, Da Nang and Nha Trang. After the takeover by North Vietnam, Saigon’s name was changed and the communist regime, having “inherited” AFVN’s 100kW FM transmitter (according to WRTVH 1976) changed its name to the “Time And Music Station of Ho Chi Min City”.

1974 Sunday 1st December, AFN Berlin, Germany, .mp3 23 mins.
Part of the Wolfman Jack show.

Atlantic Oldies 2NG
2009, Pirate Special, .mp3 120 mins.
This entertaining and informative show, produced, written and narrated by Bill Rollins for Internet radio station Atlantic Oldies 2NG, traces how U.K. music radio evolved starting with Radio Normandy and Radio Luxembourg in the 1930’s and focuses on the offshore pirate stations of the 1960’s. Includes many jingles and records made into hits by pirate radio as well as the voices of Radio Caroline’s Ronan O’Rahilly, Philip Birch of Radio London, and DJs Roy Plomley, Barry Alldis, Simon Dee, Tony Windsor, Paul Kaye, Keith Skues, Dave Cash and “Screaming” Lord Sutch.

BBC archive recordings and documents have been moved to this page.

Capital Radio, London
1973 Tuesday 25th December, .mp3 124 mins. 95.8 FM, Kenny Everett and Dave Cash Christmas morning show. Starts 07.00 hrs.

1974 Saturday 19th January, .mp3 96 mins. 95.8 FM, Roger Scott “Cruising” oldies show (part) featuring music from 1950’s TV shows “6-5 Special” and “Drumbeat” and Elvis Presley LP “A Legendary Performer”. Also includes last part of Capital Countdown show with Tommy Vance and news with Robin Houston. Starts 11.55 hrs.

1974 Wednesday 26th June, .mp3 111-1/2 mins. 95.8 FM Stereo, Kenny Everett early morning show. Starts 06.27 hrs.

1974 Monday 1st July, .mp3 129 mins. 95.8 FM Stereo, Nicky Horne’s evening programme “Your Mother Wouldn’t Like It” followed by the first 20 minutes of the “Open Line” call-in programme with Alan Brian talking with London taxi drivers. This aircheck starts at 18.45 hrs.

1939-1946, .mp3 100 mins., Edward R. Murrow – A Reporter Remembers The War Years
Edward R. Murrow (1908-1965) was an American broadcast journalist for CBS who became well known thanks to a series of radio news broadcasts he made from the UK during World War II, which were followed by millions of listeners in the USA. He was known for his honesty and integrity in delivering the news. He was later a pioneer of TV news and broadcast a series of reports that led to the censure of Senator Joseph McCarthy.
These recordings of Edward R. Murrow are from a collection of more than a thousand he made while based in Britain, relayed by short-wave for broadcast to US listeners. Here is a list of the recordings’ dates and subjects provided here:
Part 1
24th Feb 1946 “A Reporter Remembers” (part of a BBC broadcast to the British people.)
31st Aug 1939 Children evacuated from London.
3rd Sept 1939 Britain declares war.
4th Sept 1939 First air raids.
27th Nov 1939 Air raid warning system.
9th Apr 1940 Debate in parliament.
8th May 1940 Chamberlain asked to resign.
10th May 1940 Dunkirk.
Part 2
4th June 1940 Churchill talks about Dunkirk.
24th Aug 1940 Trafalgar Square air raid.
25th Aug 1940 Reactions to bombings.
22nd Sep 1940 On rooftop during air raid.
29th Sep 1940 Visit to West Somerset.
2nd Dec 1940 Courage of the British.
24th Dec 1940 Christmas.
Part 3
9th Mar 1941 Spring in England.
7th Nov 1942 African campaign.
24th Dec 1942 Yanks at Christmas.
3rd Dec 1943 Berlin raid.
Part 4
6th June 1944 D-Day.
17th Sep 1944 Arnhem drop.
April 1945 Return to Germany.
15th Apr 1945 Buchenwald.
8th May 1945 Picadilly – VE Day.
24th Feb 1946 “A Reporter Remembers” (part of a BBC broadcast to the British people.)

KHJ Los Angeles CA, USAjohn lennon as KHJ DJ
1965/1974, .mp3 113 mins. John Lennon as DJ.
KHJ radio, Los Angeles, on air since 1922, was a successful Top 40 format station from the mid-60s until the late 1970s. Today its format is religious. There are two items: The first 45 minutes is a Cruisin montage of KHJ’s output in its 1965 heyday with DJ Robert W. Morgan. Then forward to September 1974 and John Lennon’s one-time appearance as guest DJ… entertaining despite some of the music being scoped.

KSFO San Francisco CA, USA
19th May 1972, .mp3 33 mins. part of morning show with Dan Sorkin.
Although KSFO now has an all talk format, back in the 60’s and 70’s it was one of San Francisco’s leading radio stations with a middle of the road music format and the slogan: “The World’s Greatest Radio Station – especially in San Francisco”. More about KSFO here.

LBC, London
1973 Monday 8th October, .mp3 110 mins. 97.3 FM, Opening programme, Starts 06.00 hrs.. LBC, known at the time as “London Broadcasting Company”, was the UK mainland’s very first licensed commercial radio station. The first voice on the air was David Jessel and the first news bulletin was read by Australian-expatriate newsreader Ken Guy.

Manx Radio / Radio Vannin
1971 May, Manx Radio’s programme schedule.
This detailed programme plan was prepared by CIB member John Rosborough, who also took the trouble of making recordings of Manx Radio in May 1971 from his home in Belfast, Northern Ireland. In 1975 John joined commercial Downtown Radio where he has worked for more than 40 years.

1973 January, Manx Radio’s rate card for advertisers.

2014, .mp3 7 mins., Manx Radio’s first General Manager John Grierson at 50th anniversary celebration in 2014, interviewed by broadcaster, Paul Moulton and by radio presenter and executive, David Lloyd.
Contrary to popular belief that licensed commercial radio in Britain started with LBC in 1973, in fact it actually began nearly 10 years earlier with Manx Radio in June 1964 in a caravan on the Isle of Man with the opening announcement by Lieutenant Governor, Sir Ronald Garvey, who’d been part of the long battle to open the station and had previous experience of setting up a local radio station in his time as Governor of Fiji.
Richard L. Meyer, who was the step-father of John Grierson and the telecoms company Pye, originally owned the radio station which was later sold to the Manx Government. Meyer had considerable experience of commercial radio and TV having been manager for Leonard Plugge’s International Broadcasting Company (IBC) in the 1930s, which was responsible for English language commercial radio broadcasts from Radio Normandy, Radio Luxembourg as well as LM Radio based in Maputo, Mozambique. During World War II he was appointed by the War Office to head Forces Broadcasting Middle East from Cairo and in the 1950s was one of the first directors of UK commercial TV operator Associated Television (ATV).

2014 Saturday, 29th March, .mp3 107-1/2 mins.
Memories of Radio Caroline on its 50th anniversary with Chris Williams.

Radio Atlanta
1964 May, .mp3 12 mins. Part of evening show.
Radio Atlanta was an offshore station that operated on 1493 kHz (201 metres) from the mv. Mi Amigo off the coast of Frinton, Essex from 12th May 1964 to 2nd July 1964, after which it became Radio Caroline South. More about Radio Atlanta, Johnny Jackson and Bob Scott.

Radio Caroline
1965 Saturday 11th December, .mp3 2-3/4 mins.
DJ Keith Skues signing off for the last time “live” together with Flying Officer Dingleweed J. just before finally leaving the MV. Mi Amigo, Radio Caroline South.

1967 March, .mp3 2 mins.
short extract from Caroline South includes the voices of Tom Lodge, Keith Hampshire and Carl Conway as well as a promotion for the “Mood Cool” record produced by Consulate cigarettes (Rothmans of Pall Mall).

radio caroline north1967 Saturday 12th August, .mp3 114 mins.
Radio Caroline North from m/v Caroline on 259 metres with Dave Lee Travis just two days before the UK government’s Marine Offences Act came into force.


1967 Monday 28th August, .mp3 44 mins.
The “Admiral” Robbie Dale followed by Johnnie Walker on Caroline South, known at this time as Radio Caroline International due to the Marine Broadcasting (Offences) Act having taken effect some 2 weeks earlier.

Radio Caroline Otis Redding tribute by Johnnie Walker1967 Friday 22nd December, .mp3 122 mins.
The Johnnie Walker Show on Caroline South for Friday night, 22nd December 1967, from 10 pm to midnight. This show features JW’s personal tribute to R&B/Soul music star, Otis Redding, who died a few days earlier on 10th December 1967. Also included are the first couple of minutes of Carl Mitchell’s Midnight Show. More about Otis Redding.

1970 Saturday 13th June, .mp3 332 mins.
More than 2 years after her disappearance from the airwaves on 3rd March 1968, Radio Caroline returns on 13th June 1970, a few days before the 1970 General Election, for the purpose of promoting the introduction of licensed commercial radio in the UK, which had been promised by the Conservative Party in its election manifesto. From 13th to 20th June 1970 Radio Caroline used the transmitters of Radio Nordsee International (RNI) on MV Mebo II. Here are the details of the five recordings made on 13th June 1970 included here:
Part 1. FM 100MHz 00.46-03.00 hrs., Carl Mitchell, 136-1/2 mins.
Part 2. FM 100MHz 05.36-06.10 hrs., Roger Day, 34-1/2 mins.
Part 3. MW 244m 06.12-06.33 hrs., Roger Day, 22 mins.
Part 4. MW 244m 06.35-08.26 hrs., Roger Day, 111 mins.
Part 5. FM 100MHz 08.26-08.54 hrs., Roger Day, 28 mins.

1973, .mp3 47 mins. “Radio Caroline Story”.
This 33-1/3 rpm record is a documentary tracing Radio Caroline’s start in 1964, its closure in March 1968 and its re-start in 1972. Included are the voices of Andy Archer, Alan Clarke, Lion Keezer, Johnnie Walker, Robbie Dale, Don Allen, jingles and programme extracts.

1980 19th-20th March, .mp3 96 mins.
Here are edited highlights and news reports of Radio Caroline’s final night of broadcasting from the m/v Mi Amigo which sank in heavy seas off the UK east coast in March 1980. Included are the voices of DJs Stevie Gordon and Tom Anderson. The m/v Mi Amigo, built in 1921, had served as a transmitter ship for Radio Atlanta and Radio Caroline since 1964 and had earlier been used to transmit commercial programmes to Swedish listeners as Radio Nord. Thanks to Stuart Busby for his work putting together this recording. More about Radio Caroline’s ship “Mi Amigo” .
News Cuttings:
London Times, Thursday, 20th March 1980.
London Evening Standard, front page, Thursday, 20th March 1980..
London Evening Standard, page two, Thursday, 20th March 1980.

Radio Hauraki
June 1970, 1111 Days At Sea .mp3 55 mins.
Radio Hauraki started life in December 1966 as a ship-born station broadcasting just outside New Zealand territorial waters to challenge the monopoly of the government’s New Zealand Broadcasting Corporation. It ceased broadcasting from sea in June 1970 after successfully gaining a license to broadcast on land. This recording is the final broadcast from sea, a documentary on Radio Haurali’s own history until that point. Radio Hauraki broadcasts today in New Zealand on FM and online. More about Radio Hauraki.

Radio Invicta (Land Pirate).
Radio Invicta was a land-based pirate radio station in London, England that broadcast from about 1970 to about 1984, usually on 92.4 FM. It was not only one of the first pirate stations on FM, it was probably the first U.K. radio station – licensed or unlicensed – dedicated entirely to Soul music, with its slogans “Soul over London” and “Europe’s first and only all soul station”.
1972, Mon. , 29th May, .mp3 65 mins. Includes an “exclusive” interview with Isaac Hayes.
1972, Mon. , 28th August, .mp3 96 mins.

Radio London – Big-L
1964 September, Big L – Radio London Jingles, .mp3 18 mins.
These jingles were produced by PAMS of Dallas, Texas, USA. They are taken from series 17, 18 and 26D and according to a written message from Jon Wolfert, were recorded for Radio London in September 1964.

1966?, Big L – Radio London Jingles, .mp3 6-1/2 mins.
Jingles from PAMS series 31.

1966 February, Interview with Big-L DJ Dave Dennis (Neil Spence), .mp3 12-1/2 mins.
In this interview by Graham Bunce, later to be BBC Engineer and Studio Manager,
Dave Dennis reveals his age, where he was born, how he got to work with Radio London, life and work on board the m.v. Galaxy, his opinion of DJ Tony Windsor (Tony Withers), as well as his own personal taste in music.

1966 Saturday, 24th September, .mp3 13-1/2 mins.
David Bowie interviewed at London’s Marquee Club for offshore pirate Radio London by Johnnie Moran in the sponsored Elida Show. Also interviewed in this programme are Episode Six, Julie Felix and Hedgehoppers Anonymous.

1966/1967, .mp3 12 mins.
“Juicy Fruit” Sponsored Show” with Lee Peters. Copy of studio master.

1966/1967, .mp3 6-1/2 mins.
“Colgate Cash Call” Sponsored Show” with Norman St. John. Copy of studio master.

1966 Tuesday, 12th April, .mp3 12 mins.
“Battle of the New Sound”” pilot air-check. This was recorded by Dave Cash for Radio London direct off-air. It was sent to Big-L’s salesman, Dennis Maitland, at their Curzon Street London office and was intended to attract new advertising clients for Big-L.

1966 Friday, 23rd September, .mp3 8 mins.
“Call In At Curries” Sponsored Show” with Mark Kelly. This was programme #2038. Copy of studio master.

1966 Friday, 30th December, .mp3 8 mins.
“Call In At Curries” Sponsored Show” with Mark Kelly. This was programme #2052. Copy of studio master.

1967 Friday, 12th May, Big-L Radio London World Premiere Broadcast Beatles Sgt. Pepper, .mp3 32-1/2 mins.
Described by Big-L DJ Keith Skues as “the ultimate scoop in Radio London’s life”, this edited recording of the world premiere radio broadcast of the Beatles’ “Sergeant Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band” took place on Friday afternoon, 12th May 1967 from 17.00-18.09 hrs. and includes the voices of Radio London’s Programme Director, Alan Keen, as well as Big-L DJ’s Keith Skues, John Peel, Ed Stewart, Pete Drummond and Mark Roman. The Beatles album did not go on sale in UK until 26th May 1967.

1967 Sunday, 14th May, .mp3 24 mins.
Lucrative religious programmes were probably more popular with pirate radio operators than with their listeners. “Herald of Truth” from the “Highland Church of Christ” was a series transmitted by Radio London on Sundays and produced by Fidelity Film & Radio Productions, Abilene, Texas. This example, a copy of the studio master, is number 798.

Beach Boys show on Big-L Radio London 19671967 Sunday, 11th June, .mp3 51 mins.
Beach Boys Show with Keith Skues at London’s Finsbury Park Astoria (later known as “The Rainbow”) on 5th May 1967 also included Helen Shapiro, The Nite People, Simon Dupree & The Big Sound, Terry Reid with Peter Jay & The Jaywalkers, The Marionettes and Alan Field. This is when Big-L DJ Keith Skues interviewed the Beach Boys and his recording (now remastered) was broadcast over offshore pirate Radio London a few days later with this repeat on 11th June 1967 due to popular demand. More about the Finsbury Park Astoria.

1967 23rd July, Keith Skues’ history of Big L – Radio London, .mp3 31-1/2 mins.
This edited recording of Keith’s potted history of 266 Radio London omits the records and news bulletins but includes the station’s jingles, the Big-L “Sonowaltz” theme and other well known station promotions. If you prefer an unedited version of this Big L recording you can find one at

1967 14th August, Radio London Big-L’s Final Hour, .mp3 60 mins.
Broadcast between 2pm and 3pm on Monday, 14th August 1967, this final programme was presented by senior DJs Ed Stewart and Paul Kaye with participation from Dave Cash, Tony Blackburn, Chris Denning, Pete Drummond, Kenny Everett, Duncan Johnson, John Peel, Mark Roman, Keith Skues, Tommy Vance, Tony Windsor as well as Big-L’s Managing Director, Philip Birch. Artist dedications are from Madeline Bell, Mick Jagger, Bruce Johnson of the Beach Boys, Lulu, Cliff Richard, Dusty Springfield, Ringo Starr, Cat Stevens and John Walker of the Walker Brothers.

1980, The Radio London Big-L Story, .mp3 63 mins.
This 1980 interview was made when Philip Birch was running Manchester commercial station, Piccadilly Radio. Radio London, broadcasting from M.V. Galaxy from December 1964 to August 1967, was one of the most popular UK radio stations at the time and certainly was financially the most successful offshore station. Philip Birch was Radio London’s Managing Director. But in the words of Gordon Sheppard, Big-L’s promotions manager:
Philip Birch WAS Big L … The real financial brain, the controlling wizard that made it all work. … He put together that terrific team: Ben Toney, Alan Keen (Sales & Programme Controller), Eddie Blackwell and Dennis Maitland (Advertising Managers), Mike Stone (Press & Publicity). … In pirate offshore radio (1964-1967), Philip Birch stands taller than most. He put together that amazing team and has to have pride of place.”
This recording, edited and produced by Leon Tipler for AlphaSound, also includes many original Radio London jingles, its famous Big-L theme tune and the voices of Paul Kaye, Dave Cash, Kenny Everett, Mark Roman, and other Wonderful Radio London voices. Interviewer is Steve England.

Radio Luxembourg
1966, “Topical Tunes” .mp3 14 mins.
DJ is Barry Alldis. Some edits.

1974 31st October, “This Is How It All Began” .mp3 134 mins.
The English service of Radio Luxembourg tells the story of its own 40 year history in this programme, written & produced by Rodney Collins, compiled & edited by Alan Bailey and presented by ex Radio Caroline North DJ, Bob Stewart and ex Radio London and RNI DJ, Duncan Johnson. The English programmes of Radio Luxembourg started in 1933 and on 2nd July 1951 moved from long wave to its famous medium wave frequency of 208 metres (1439 kHz). English language programmes on 208 metres ended in December 1992. In this programme you will hear (in alphabetical order) the voices of Barry Alldis, Neal Arden, Tony Brandon, Bob Danvers Walker, Noel Edmonds, Geoffrey Everitt, Keith Fordyce, Alan Freeman, Hughie Green, Jack Jackson, David Jacobs, Kid Jensen, Teddy Johnson, Alan Keen, Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce), Charles Maxwell, Pete Murray, Ray Orchard, The Ovaltineys, Peter Powell, Tony Prince, Jimmy Savile, Mark Wesley, Jimmy Young and Muriel Young.
Click here for more about Radio Luxembourg English Service, the History of Radio Luxembourg and its English service, Presenters Pics, more Radio Luxembourg recordings.

Radio Nordsee International (RNI)
All RNI (Radio Nordsee International) archive recordings and documents have been moved to this page.

Radio Scotland
1967, Souvenir Album .mp3 30 mins.
This “Sound Memorial to Radio Scotland” was issued when the station closed in 1967 and includes the voices of Tommy Shields, Tony Allan, Stuart Henry, Jack McLaughlin and Tony Meehan. More about Radio Scotland here.

Radio Veronica
1972, Sat. 27th May, .mp3 64 mins. Last part of top 40 show followed by Veronica Tip Parade presented by Klaas Vaak.

1973, Tues. 10th July, .mp3 45 mins. Part of the “Coffee Time” programme with Tineke.

April 1969, .mp3 48 mins. Part of a show on 770kHz. with Cousin Brucie (Bruce Morrow). Exact date is uncertain.

WBAP Fort Worth TX, USA
1971, .mp3 32 mins. Aircheck.
Broadcasting with 50kW clear channel at 820 kHz AM, WBAP has been on air since 1922 and between 1970 and 1993 was a country music station. Thanks to WBAP Program Manager, Don Day, for providing this recording and writing to us.

WBZ Boston MA, USA
1971 3rd August, .mp3 63 mins. Studio quality aircheck.
WBZ is famous for being the very first licensed commercial radio station in the United States. This tape recording of the Carl DeSuze Show was sent to us by WBZ’s Jim Sands.

WFIL Philadelphia PA, USA
1972, .mp3 65 mins. Studio quality aircheck.
Transmitting at 560KHz in the Medium Wave Band (AM), WFIL is one of USA’s oldest radio stations, started in 1922. Although today WFIL has a Christian/religious format, back in the 1960’s and 1970’s it was a “Top 40” music station, famous for Dick Clark’s “American Bandstand”. Early in 1972 WFIL kindly sent us this studio quality recording which includes programmes with DJ’s Jim O’Brien and Tom Dooley plus we also received some playlist information. Today you can still hear the “Philly Gold” sound on the Internet thanks to enthusiasts like those at Famous

WSM Nashville TN, USA
1971 July, .mp3 10 mins. WSM Presentation for advertisers.
WSM, known as “The Legend”, commenced broadcasting in 1925. It is a clear channel 50,000 watt AM station, 650 kHz, reaching much of North America and nearby countries after dark and is also available for the rest of the world at It is a country music station and is home to The Grand Ole Opry, the world’s longest running radio program. Thanks to Program Manager, Dave Overton, who wrote and kindly sent us this presentation tape.

1966 November, .mp3 20 mins. Radio London (Big-L) and Radio Caroline South edited extracts.
Includes the voices of Pete Drummond, Kenny Everett and others.


Below is a list of NCRM (National Commercial Radio Movement), CIB (Campaign For Independent Broadcasting) and related documents. This list is not complete and represents only some of the documents which have survived. We intend, if possible, to add more documents to this archive in due course.

Limited Use
IMPORTANT: Please note that all documents on this site, including all pictures, audio and video recordings, are for historical research, academic and educational purposes only. Any other use of materials on this site, including reproduction for any purposes other than those noted above, including, but not limited to modification, distribution, or re-publication by any means without the prior written permission of is prohibited. No other use may be made without the express written permission of this site’s owners.

All trademarks, service marks, and trade names are proprietary to their respective owners.

Audio & Video Recordings
Please follow this link for audio recordings.
All audio and video recordings are in .mp3 and .mp4 formats respectively and are within password-protected .zip files. You will need to first download the .zip file to your computer. To unzip the file you will need Winzip or 7-Zip or another fully compatible alternative software. When you unzip the file, you will also need the password which you can obtain at no cost by contacting us and explaining briefly what your interest is.
We also provide some recordings to listen to online here and here.

Campaign For Independent Broadcasting (CIB)
1969 September, Policy Statement entitled “For and Against Local/Regional Radio” arguing the need for a two-tier system of UK local AND regional radio stations.
1969 October, Policy Statement proposing the creation of a “Broadcasting Council” in preference to the ITA-IBA system.
1970 24th March, Letter from former FRA and CIB committee member, Tony Peters.
1970 May, Newsletter to Members – At this time the June General Election had not yet been announced by Prime Minister, Harold Wilson, but Radio Northsea International (RNI) was broadcasting on 244 metres Medium Wave, a frequency very close to BBC Radio One on 247 metres. This newsletter also mentions details of Radio Geronimo, broadcasting at the time using the transmitters of Radio Monte Carlo and with a General Election in the offing, provides an overview of the three major political parties’ policies regarding the introduction of UK commercial radio.
1970 May, Newsletter to Members – devoted to the Labour government’s jamming of Radio Nordsee International (RNI), CIB’s activities in Parliament, discussions with MP Paul Bryan, Shadow Minister for Posts & Telecommunications and questions by MP Mr. Eldon Griffiths in the House of Commons.
1970 May, CIB General Election Publicity Sheet – highlighting Labour government failure to keep promises regarding BBC Local Radio and that their radio monopoly policy results in higher license fees, less listener choice and fewer job opportunities.
1970 May, Publicity Sheet – protesting against the Government’s radio station at Chattenden near Rochester, Kent jamming Radio Nordsee International (RNI). CIB organised a demonstration outside the jamming station on Sunday, 31st May 1970 and received publicity not only from RNI but also from the Press and BBC-TV.
1970 27th May, Press Release concerning the jamming of Radio Northsea International (RNI). This includes a statement by CIB as well as a copy of a telex message to CIB from RNI’s headquarters in Zurich, Switzerland.
1970 31st May, Letter from CIB Hon. Chair, David Prewett to Prime Minister, Harold Wilson – castigating his Labour government for “manipulating” UK sound broadcasting policy and providing examples of their misleading statements.
1970 June, Newsletter to Members – features news of CIB’s protests at parliamentary level against the jamming of Radio Nordsee International by the then Labour government and CIB’s demonstration outside the government’s jamming station at Chattenden near Rochester, Kent on 31st May 1970 which was duly reported by BBC-TV the same evening and by the press. Also covered is the upcoming Protest Rally to be held on 14th June 1970 at Speakers’ Corner, Marble Arch, London.
1970 Sun. 14th June, Free Radio Rally, Hyde Park, London, .mp3 43 mins.
This is probably the only surviving audio recording of some of the speeches made that Sunday afternoon at the Hyde Park rally for Free Radio. The rally was jointly organized by CIB (Campaign for Independent Broadcasting) and FRC (Free Radio Campaign), and the recording includes the voices (in speaking order) of David Prewett (CIB Chair), Martin Rosen (CIB Press & Public Relations) and Ronan O’Rahilly.
1970 July, Newsletter to Members – expressing thanks for supporting the “Free Radio” rally and march to Downing Street held on 14th June 1970. This newsletter also included CIB’s updated policy statements to ensure that all members were fully informed.
1970 July, CIB Policy Statements – outlining CIB’s position on the future of Sound Broadcasting in the UK including commercial radio, non-commercial radio and the future of BBC Local Radio. This policy formed the basis for CIB’s position in meetings with the new Conservative government including the meeting with Christopher Chataway, Minister of Posts & Telecommunications held on 14th July 1970.
1970 14th July, Ministry of Posts & Telecommunications Meeting Minutes – The main points discussed at CIB’s meeting with Chris Chataway, Minister of Posts & Telecommunications, were the continuing jamming of Radio Nordsee International (RNI) and CIB’s current policy on the future for UK commercial and non-commercial radio, both local and regional.
1970 August, Newsletter to Members – includes a report on CIB’s recent meeting with Chris Chataway, Minister of Posts & Telecommunications (MinPostTel), together with a copy of the meeting minutes; also the latest news about Radio Nordsee International and information about MinPostTel’s contacts with the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) regarding the continuing transmissions by Radio Northsea International (RNI).
1970 September, “Electronics Weekly” article – based on CIB policy statements of July 1970.
1970 October, Newsletter to Members – includes updates on Radio Nordsee International, Capitol Radio, Radio Geronimo, Manx Radio, Radio Luxembourg and BBC Radio London. Also news about CIB meetings with various Members of Parliament and MinPostTel as well as news about Reading Free Radio Group, Bristol Free Radio Movement and other local free radio groups.
1971 January, Newsletter to Members – records details of meetings with MP’s including Wilf Proudfoot (ex Radio 270), meeting with MinPostTel, CIB press conference, BBC local radio, as well as news about RNI, Radio Monte Carlo International and Capital Radio.
1971 29th January, Copy of Fax from Radio Nordsee International announcing RNI’s intention to start broadcasts in English from m.v. Mebo II off the Belgian coast from middle of February 1971.
1971 January, CIB Policy Statement – amendments to CIB’s position on the establishment of UK commercial radio concerning themed programming, daytime AM/Medium Wave broadcasts in addition to 24 hour FM/VHF output, CIB’s position regarding the government’s favouring a single news source to serve all commercial stations. Reference is also made to an independent survey entitled “Sound Broadcasting in Britain and the prospects for Commercial Radio” carried out by George T. Murray for Marketing Economics Ltd. also mentioned in CIB’s newsletter for members of January 1971.
1971 January, Policy statement entitled “Second Memorandum on Independent Broadcasting in the United Kingdom” covering issues related to VHF/FM and BBC second generation “local”, but in reality regional radio stations, FM slant polarization, separate FM and MW programming, the upcoming international radio frequency conference, “needle time” and the Musicians Union, sponsored programmes and the establishment of a “Broadcasting Council” for overseeing commercial and other independent radio stations.
1971 March, Newsletter to Members – with the latest news and programme schedule for Radio Nordsee International (RNI), CIB’s upcoming Annual General Meeting, the prospects for a UK national commercial radio station and a report on a meeting of the BBC’s “76 Group” at the Royal Festival Hall at which Hughie Green as well as CIB Chairman, David Prewett took part.
1971 25th April, Annual General Meeting Minutes reports on CIB’s activities, including the jamming of RNI and events leading up to the June 1970 General Election, the Government’s White Paper for commercial radio, Treasurer’s report and CIB’s future plans.
1971 June, Members’ Newsletter – featuring a review of the UK Government’s White Paper named “An Alternative Service of Radio Broadcasting”, meetings with M.P.’s Julian Critchley, Geoffrey Finsberg, Peter Rost, news of Radio Nordsee International (RNI), Capital Radio, Manx Radio, “Free Radio Campaign” and “Newsbeat” magazine.
1971 October, Members’ Newsletter – includes news about offshore radio stations Radio Nordsee International (RNI) and Radio Veronica, RNI’s souvenir book, Manx Radio, Newsbeat magazine, ITV-2 and North of England Free Radio Campaign.
1972 January, Members’ Newsletter – reviews CIB’s activities and developments during 1971 including the UK’s “Sound Broadcasting Bill” for the introduction of commercial radio, CIB’s meeting with the IBA’s John Thompson, RNI news and programme details, a brief review of Paul Harris’ book “To Be A Pirate King”, news of “Southend & District Free Radio Campaign” and “Newsbeat International”.
1972 30th April, CIB Constitution.
2013 17th November/11th December, email messages from David Prewett with his memories of Free Radio Association, National Commercial Radio Movement and Campaign For Independent Broadcasting.

Disc and Music Echo
1969 4th January, pages 13 & 14, “Pirate Radio is Dead” says Johnnie Walker.
Johnnie Walker’s article includes mention of our (National Commercial Radio Movement’s) work. Also included on these two pages is an article by David Hughes about offshore radio DJs entitled: “Where are they now?” and Caroline Boucher writing about “Death to micro-skirts this year”!

Free Radio Association
1967 29th May, Free Radio Rally report in “The Times”
1969 May, Booklet by Barry Schofield entitled: “The Free Radio Association – Rise & Fall Of A Misguided Association”.
1970, Spotlight magazine – A publication by the Free Radio Association providing “an insight into the structure and the work* of the FRA.

Free Radio Campaign (FRC)
1970, Free Radio News, Issue No.6.
1970 4th April, FRC letter concerning their merger with Free Radio Association.
1970 7th April, FRC letter concerning their merger with Free Radio Association.
1970, FRC publicity sheet entitled: “Free Radio Explained“.

International Telecommunications Union (ITU)
1948, Copenhagen Plan – Final Protocol. This document provides full details of the Medium Wave and Long Wave radio frequency plan for Europe which remained in force until it was replaced by the 1975 Geneva Frequency Plan.

London Weekly Advertiser & National Advertiser and Time & Tide
Starting about January 1967, the “London Weekly Advertiser & National Advertiser” included a 4-page supplement called “Radio News” dedicated to the offshore pirate radio stations, including news and programme listings. From about March 1967, “Radio News” was transferred to “Time & Tide” magazine. “Radio News” ceased publication before 15th August 1967 to avoid contravening the Marine Broadcasting (Offences) Act which made it illegal for UK citizens to advertise or supply goods and services to the pirate radio stations.
1967 17th January, “Radio News”.
1967 20th April, “Radio News” – from Time & Tide, Vol.47 No.51.
1967 11th May, “Radio News” – from Time & Tide, Vol.47 No.53.

National Commercial Radio Movement (NCRM)
1968, Brochure – provides an outline of NCRM’s aims and policies.
1968 August, Downing Street Coffin Protest report “The Times”.
1968 November, Newsletter to members – includes mention of meeting by NCRM Public Relations Officer, David Prewett, with Shadow (Conservative) Postmaster General, Paul Bryan, the Greater London Council radio license bid, the future of “pirate” radio, and what members can do themselves to campaign for the introduction of licensed independent radio.
1969 14th January, Letter from NCRM’s Hon. Public Relations Officer, Martin Rosen, in which he outlines NCRM’s main activities during its first 6 months existence, including drawing up its “Sound Broadcasting Study“, assisting a 1968 Free Radio Rally in Trafalgar Square and a “coffin demonstration” to 10 Downing street commemorating the death of competition in radio – the 1st anniversary of the passing of the law outlawing British subjects from supplying goods or services to offshore radio stations in August 1967. This “coffin demonstration” was reported by “The Times” and NCRM’s then Hon. Vice Chairman, David Prewett, recalls the event today: “The car provided (to carry the coffin) was actually my old estate car. I picked up the coffin (rented from a local firm of undertakers) on the previous day and it had been in the car all night in our drive at Thame – much to the interest of our neighbours. In the morning I drove down the M4 much to the interest of passing coach passengers who looked into the back of the estate car. I met Martin (Rosen), Caroline (Peters) and Fred Hasler in the Mall.”
1969 February, “Sound Broadcasting Study” – NCRM’s 1969 overview of how additional radio stations could be added by more efficient use of existing frequencies already used by the UK. Author: David Prewett, NCRM Vice-Chairman.
1969 February, Newsletter to members – topics include Greater London Council plans for local commercial radio, meeting with FRA, plans for a Free Radio Rally on 30th March 1969 and changes to the NCRM committee.
1969 January/March, NCRM report of meeting with Greater London Council (GLC) – this was held at the London Chamber of Commerce on 20th January 1969 when Leslie Freeman, Chairman of GLC General Purposes Committee, presented their local commercial radio bill. The GLC’s bill was however later rejected by the Labour government for the usual reasons (lack of available medium wave frequencies, harm to newspaper advertising revenues, etc.). Mr Roy Mason, the Postmaster General for the then Labour government, was however frank as to his government’s dogmatic opposition to commercial radio in principle when he stated in the House of Commons that: “My hon. Friend can rest assured that Government policy is not to allow local commercial radio stations.
1969 April, Press Release – NCRM’s assessment of the UK sound broadcasting situation, its objections to Government policy and its proposals for the introduction of independent radio.
1969 April, Newsletter to members.
1969 May, Newsletter to members – Topics covered include the Free Radio Rally in Trafalgar Square London scheduled for 10th August 1969, the move by the Greater London Council to introduce a radio station for the London area, an interview with Radio Caroline disc-jockey Roger Day and details of NCRM’s policy for the introduction of regional rather than local independent radio stations.
1969 July, Publicity sheet for the Free Radio Rally held in Trafalgar Square on 10th August 1969.
1969 September, Newsletter to members, reports on the Free Radio Rally on 10th August 1969, jointly organised by NCRM, Free Radio Campaign and Bristol Free Radio Movement and NCRM’s first birthday.
1969 October/November, Newsletter to members – topics include details of meeting with BBC’s “Campaign For Better Broadcasting“, the Conservative Party Conference, “Disc & Music Echo” opinion poll results and an interview with Spike Milligan with his views on independent radio.
1969 12th October, Report of Meeting between Fred Hasler (NCRM Chairman), Alex McKenna (Free Radio Campaign) and Geoffrey Pearl (Free Radio Association) concerning a possible merger.
1969 7th November, Meeting minutes concerning FRA merger discussions.
1970 January, Newsletter to members – matters discussed included unconfirmed report of a new offshore radio station soon to start broadcasting (RNI), a newspaper report about Ron O’Rahilly’s projected Caroline Television, Radio Sweden, and the BBC’s controversial plans for “Broadcasting in the Seventies“.
1970 February, Annual General Meeting report and minutes – this meeting recorded NCRM’s (National Commercial Radio Movement) name change to Campaign For Independent Broadcasting (CIB). This was to enable us to better promote other forms of independent broadcasting apart from commercial radio, such as non-commercial university radio, e.g. University Radio York. At this meeting Fred Hasler decided to stand down as Hon. Chairman and his place was taken by David Prewett who outlined NCRM/CIB’s achievements since it was formed in 1968:
* Fill the gap which other “free radio” groups had not covered, i.e. gaining attention and support from Members of Parliament and other influential people.
* Preparing, producing and distributing the NCRM “Sound Broadcasting Study” which sets out NCRM’s principles, highlights how the BBC misuses/wastes its allocated radio frequencies and how this can be remedied.

Record Retailer
1968 23rd December, page 5, “Blueprint for Free Radio”.
Half-page article by Paul Philips about proposals for commercial radio by the National Commercial Radio Movement (NCRM), including its “Sound Broadcasting Study“.

UK Ministry Of Posts & Telecommunications (MINPOSTTEL)
1970 July, Letters from Peggy Fenner, Conservative MP for Rochester and Chatham, Kent and from MINPOSTTEL concerning the jamming of Radio Nordsee International.
1970 14th July, Minutes of Meeting with Campaign For Independent Broadcasting.

World Radio TV Handbook (WRTVH)
1970, Table of Long Wave and Medium Wave Radio Station Transmitters
This extract from WRTVH for 1970 includes all LW and MW radio station transmitters in the European area (including fringe areas like North Africa, Middle East, West Asia) listed by frequency. For each frequency the table shows each transmitter power, location and country.
Compare this list with the radio frequency and transmitter power allocations listed in the 1948 ITU Copenhagen Plan (which remained in force until 1975) to illustrate how the offshore “pirate” radio stations of the 1960’s were arguably only slightly more liberal than many other “authorized” radio stations enjoying the protection of their respective countries.

1967, “A Little Requiem For Big L & Co“, excerpt from a book about “Swinging London” by journalist, Karl Dallas, published in early 1967, a few months before the passing of the Marine Broadcasting (Offences) Act.
1968, Dust cover for the first edition of “When Pirates Ruled The Waves” published in 1968 by Paul Harris showing the approximate locations of the 10 UK offshore radio stations broadcasting in the 1960’s.
1969 2nd January, Letter from Keith Skues.
1969, Thesis: “The Case For Commercial Broadcasting in the United Kingdom” by Mike Lane. Mike, who was a CIB member in the 1960’s, has kindly agreed that we publish his 1969 thesis, which he submitted for his Higher National Diploma Business course, which won him a high mark.
Mike said recently that back in the 1960’s he had wanted to join Radio Caroline:
“I have retained my interest in radio to the present day and still regret not joining Caroline in 1966 to take over from Tony Blackburn after he left the station when the ship (M.V. Mi Amigo) ran aground. Regrettably Tom Lodge, the Programme Director, felt I was too young to join at that stage, so I never went into radio. Instead, on completing my Business Studies course, I joined a Pharmaceutical Company based near me at Kew and …stayed in the industry for all of my career. I joined an ad agency in 1983 and 10 years later, together with 2 colleagues, formed a health-care agency which became one of the most successful start ups. Many years ago, I transferred my DXing to satellite TV and can now pick up thousands of TV stations from a multitude of satellites. But I still love radio… To my mind, internet radio is the future, not DAB.”
In its 16 pages, his comprehensive thesis compares the history of radio in the UK and USA, assesses the then prevailing BBC radio monopoly and its programme policy, summarises the arguments against monopoly broadcasting, the 1960’s offshore radio “pirates'” threat to the BBC’s monopoly and outlines a plan for future UK radio. Mike acknowledges help he received preparing his work from:
Desmond Plummer – Leader of the Greater London Council.
Tony Vickers – Associated Television (ATV).
Don Wardell – Head of News and Press services of Radio Luxembourg (London) Ltd.
James Fisher – Microphone Publicity, BBC Radios 1 and 2.
David A. Prewett – Vice-Chairman of the National Commercial Radio Movement (later Campaign for Independent Broadcasting).
Irwin Belofsky – Director of Publicity & Promotion at Radio New York Worldwide (WNYW).
Mr. H.N. Snashall – Head of BBC maintenance.
Anonymous lady representatives of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation and the Australian Broadcasting Commission, London.
1971 22nd October, Letter from Keith Skues. The “Commercial Radio pamphlet” Keith refers to in this letter is NCRM’s “Sound Broadcasting Study“.
1973, “American Graffiti” The Making of the Movie. This informative documentary features many interviews and other footage of the cast and crew for the 1973 film “American Graffiti”, an American coming-of-age musical comedy-drama directed by George Lucas, produced by Francis Ford Coppola and starring DJ Wolfman Jack, Richard Dreyfuss, Ron Howard and Harrison Ford.

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